Advance - a sum paid to the author in anticipation of royalty earnings.

Advance copies - (see galleys) prepublication edition of the book, generally used to generate reviews and publicity; also known as ARCs.

Agent - represents the author's work to the publisher, negotiates the contract, acts as a liaison through the publishing process.

ARC - Advance Readers' Copy (see Advance Copies).

Authorized - written with the subject's consent.

Backlist - books in print that have not been recently published.

Blurbs (cover quotes) - endorsements of the book by well known writers or celebrities. Often these appear on the book jacket.

Book Doctor - someone hired by the author or publishing house to improve a manuscript.

Clips - copies of published writings samples.

Copy Editor - corrects grammar and spelling in a manuscript and checks facts for accuracy and conformity.

Copyright - the author's legal right to ownership of the work under federal copyright laws.

Cover Art - the design of the book jacket, generally produced in-house by the publisher's art department.

Cover Quotes (blurbs) - celebrity or author endorsements.

Cross-collateralization - a contract provision that allows the publisher to charge unearned advances on a book against another title.

Earn Out - to sell enough copies to earn the advance against royalties.

E-book (electronic book) - published in electronic form that can be downloaded to computers or handheld devices.

Editor - acquires the book, works with the author to polish the manuscript, and champions the title through the sales and marketing process at a publishing house.

Epistolary - written in the form of letters.

Errors and Omissions - insurance available to authors concerned about possible lawsuits resulting from their work.

F&G - Folded and gathered pages which form the unbound pages of a book.

Face out - To display books on a shelf so that their front covers are showing, as opposed to spine out.

Facing page - A page that forms a spread.

Faction - a recently coined term used to describe works that straddle the line between fact and fiction.

fair use:
The legal use of a limited portion of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright owner for the purpose of newswriting, for example.

Fiction - a story invented by the author.

First Pass - an early printed edition of the manuscript, which is reviewed for accuracy by the author and copy editor before publication.

First Serial Rights - the right to excerpt a work in a periodical.

Flap Copy - synopses of the story, blurbs, review quotes, or other information designed to help sell the book.

Freelance - independent contractor hired to work on a book or article.

Footer - A headline or title that appears at the bottom of a page.

Foreign rights - A subsidiary right that allows the book to be translated and published in countries other than the one in which the book was originally published.

Foreword - Introductory remarks found in the front matter of a book, often written by someone other than the author.

Front list - Newly released books, as opposed to back list, which are previously published titles still available from the publisher.

Front matter - The pages of a book before the main text, such as title page, copyright page, Table of Contents, foreword, and so on.

Front plate - An illustration that faces the title page, also called a frontispiece.

Frontispiece - An illustration that faces the title page, also called a front plate.

FTP - File Transfer Protocol. A means of uploading and accessing files on the Internet.

Galley - bound edition of a work available for review and publicity purposes before publication.

Genre - sales and marketing category into which the title falls (e.g. mystery, suspense, horror, how-to, self-help.)

Ghost Writer - a writer or co-writer who is not credited on the work.

Instant Book - a book rushed into print that deals with a timely topic or subject.

Jacket - the cover.

Kill Fee - pre-negotiated amount paid to the author of an article which has been assigned but not slated for publication.

List Position - where in the publisher's pecking order a title ranks. A lead title will have a larger print run and bigger publicity budget than books lower on the list.

Managing Editor - editor in charge of overseeing the production of the book.

Mass Market - small format paperback edition.

Memoir - a personal reflection or account.

Mid-list - a title or author that does not become a bestseller.

Non-fiction - fact-based.

Novelization - a fictional work based on a movie or play.

Out of Print - a title no longer maintained in the publisher's catalogue or inventory

Packager - a broker who puts together a book idea with the elements (writer, illustrator, experts, etc.) needed to bring the concept to fruition.

Prequel - a book in a series set at a time prior to the existing titles.

Print Run - number of copies produced.

P and L (Profit and Loss) Statement - the balance sheet on a title, measuring costs including author advance, production, and publicity against sales and subsidiary earnings.

Pub Date - the scheduled release date for the book. Generally a title will hit the stores two weeks to a month in advance of the date listed in the copyright.

Query - a proposal letter.

Remaindered - excess stock of printed unsold books that can be sold at discounted prices.

Returns - unsold copies returned by the bookstores or wholesalers to the publisher.

Royalties - percentage of the sales price earned by the author on sold copies. These are generally charged against the advance until it is earned out.

SASE - stamped self-addressed envelope. This should be included with all submitted articles, proposals and manuscripts.

Self-published - produced by the author.

Sequel - a continuation of an earlier book.

Sidebar - a column appended to an article, often boxed, that offers additional, related information.

Subsidiary Rights (Sub Rights) - sales of rights in the book for foreign translation, first serial, audio, electronic, film, book club, etc.

Trade Paperback - a larger format paperback, commonly used for literary titles but increasingly considered as a less expensive alternative to hardcover publication.

Trade Publisher - publisher of books geared for sale to the general public.

Vanity Press - prints books for a fee.

Unauthorized - written without the subject's cooperation or consent.